Foreign Vaccinations and Travel Tips

Most Foreign Vaccines are administered in our Practice.

The Practice has been accredited as a Centre for the administration of Yellow Fever Vaccine.

Consult with your Doctor at least eight weeks before you travel.

 

Vaccinations:

 

Hepatitis A Vaccine:

2 doses

Following the first dose a booster gives protection for at least 10 years. 

 

Typhoid Vaccine (Injectable):

Single injection gives protection for 3 years

 

Diphtheria and Tetanus Vaccine:

A total of 5 injections gives life time protection, however, a booster may be required for persons travelling abroad.

 

Yellow Fever Vaccine:

One injection every 10 years. The International Certificate is valid from 10 days after primary vaccination and for 10 years thereafter.

 

Hepatitis-B Vaccine:

A standard schedule consists of 3 vaccinations given over a 6 month period. The first dose at the elected date, the second dose 1 month later and another 5 months after that.

Vaccine effective for 5 years.

 

Rabies Vaccine:

Pre-exposure course consists of 3 doses:- one on day 0, then one on days 7 and days 21 or 28.

Single reinforcing dose every 2-5 years.

Effective for approx. 2-5 years.

 

 

Travelling Tips

 

Food and Water

When travelling in countries where hygiene is poor:

  • Avoid eating shellfish, salads, unpeeled fruit and uncooked food, make sure food is piping hot.
  • Remember: "BOIL it, PEEL it or FORGET it".
  • Drink either mineral water or branded/canned drinks at all times, including cleaning your teeth. If using bottled water for drinking, check seal carefully.
  • Do not have ice in your drinks, as it is usually made from tap water.
  • Ask your chemist about oral rehydration therapy to help you cope in case of dehydration.
  • Carry anti-diarrhoea tablets

 

Contaminated food and water can cause common problems such as diarrhoea and more serious conditions such as

hepatitis-A, typhoid fever, cholera and polio.

 

Sun

  • Avoid sun exposure from 11.00am to 3.00pm.
  • Always use appropriate strength sun block.
  • Remember: SLIP on a shirt, SLOP on some sunscreen and SLAP on a hat. 
  • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Wear loose, light-colored clothing and hats.

 

Avoid Insect Bites

Mosquitoes can transmit several diseases including malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever and Japanese encephalitis.

Malaria-carrying mosquitoes tend to bite at dusk and dawn so keep arms, legs and feet covered with light clothing. Always use a strong insect repellent containing DEET (diethyltoluamide) on both skin and clothing.

  • Avoid going outdoors between dusk and dawn.
  • Wear long-sleeved, light-coloured and long trousers at night.
  • Apply insect repellent to exposed skin.
  • Close all windows and doors before dusk.
  • Where possible choose an air conditioned room or use a mosquito net.
  • It is important to complete your course of anti-malarial medication after returning from your travels.

For those with a history of a reaction to insect bites, a cream containing an antibiotic and a steroid should be prescribed and obtained before travelling, and applied as soon as a bite is seen. If the reaction is very severe, antihistamine and medical attention may be required.

 

Avoidance of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

  • Exercise legs and calves.
  • Avoid sleeping tablets.
  • Avoid dehydration.
  • Avoid alcohol, tea and coffee.
  • Wear support stockings

 

Checklist of suggested Medications for Travellers

  • Anti-diarrhoea agent
  • Oral rehydration sachets
  • Anti-emetic agent (anti vomiting)
  • Analgesic e.g. paracetamol
  • Insect repellent
  • Medication for infected bites
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